Driving under the influence of alcohol
Driving after drinking can be dangerous even when guided bike. In the case of more complex machines, allowing to achieve a much higher speed, directing them under the influence of alcohol can be fatal. Despite the many social campaigns regarding the prohibition of driving under the influence of alcohol and strengthen penalties for drunk drivers, unfortunately, many of them still do not apply to this rule. Meanwhile, the management of a car under the influence of alcohol can lead to death of not only the driver and passengers, but also to the disappearance of completely innocent people, not even staying on the road during this event. Getting into the car under the influence of alcohol we create unnecessary risk.
"ICEV" redirects here. For the form of water ice, see Ice V. For the high speed train, see ICE V.
Diagram of a cylinder as found in 4-stroke gasoline engines.:
C ? crankshaft.
E ? exhaust camshaft.
I ? inlet camshaft.
P ? piston.
R ? connecting rod.
S ? spark plug.
V ? valves. red: exhaust, blue: intake.
W ? cooling water jacket.
gray structure ? engine block.
Diagram describing the ideal combustion cycle by Carnot
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit. In an internal combustion engine the expansion of the high-temperature and high-pressure gases produced by combustion apply direct force to some component of the engine. The force is applied typically to pistons, turbine blades, rotor or a nozzle. This force moves the component over a distance, transforming chemical energy into useful mechanical energy.
The first commercially successful internal combustion engine was created by Étienne Lenoir around 18591 and the first modern internal combustion engine was created in 1876 by Nikolaus Otto (see Otto engine).
The term internal combustion engine usually refers to an engine in which combustion is intermittent, such as the more familiar four-stroke and two-stroke piston engines, along with variants, such as the six-stroke piston engine and the Wankel rotary engine. A second class of internal combustion engines use continuous combustion: gas turbines, jet engines and most rocket engines, each of which are internal combustion engines on the same principle as previously described.12 Firearms are also a form of internal combustion engine.2
Internal combustion engines are quite different from external combustion engines, such as steam or Stirling engines, in which the energy is delivered to a working fluid not consisting of, mixed with, or contaminated by combustion products. Working fluids can be air, hot water, pressurized water or even liquid sodium, heated in a boiler. ICEs are usually powered by energy-dense fuels such as gasoline or diesel, liquids derived from fossil fuels. While there are many stationary applications, most ICEs are used in mobile applications and are the dominant power supply for vehicles such as cars, aircraft, and boats.
Typically an ICE is fed with fossil fuels like natural gas or petroleum products such as gasoline, diesel fuel or fuel oil. There's a growing usage of renewable fuels like biodiesel for compression ignition engines and bioethanol or methanol for spark ignition engines. Hydrogen is sometimes used, and can be made from either fossil fuels or renewable energy.
We can easily notice that the cars or motorcycles are very often one of the main prizes in various competitions or sweepstakes. Why is it like that ? Well, these machines are often very valuable and can significantly make life easier for the winner. So valuable prize is designed to encourage more participants to take part in the common play or boot from the competition. It is a very proven grip, which for years makes competitions with prizes automotive enjoyed considerable popularity. Admittedly, win a car or a motorcycle or any other vehicle is also associated with considerable charges, which obliges us right relating to competitions; not discouraged, however, many taking part in all kinds of lotteries.